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Early Dutch Maritime Cartography

The North Holland School of Cartography (c. 1580-c. 1620)

Gebonden Engels 2017 9789004338029
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This book is an exposition of an important, yet previously unknown chapter in the history of Dutch maritime cartography. While Amsterdam was developing into Europe’s most vital commercial hub in the seventeenth century, demanding and controlling the production of maps and sea-charts, a major School of Cartography was already flourishing in the so-called ‘Kop van Noord-Holland’ region just north of Amsterdam. This School specialised in the production of small-scale charts of larger areas, including the European coastlines and the Indian and Atlantic Oceans. Its masters used to call themselves ‘caert-schrijvers’ or ‘map-scribes’ when clarifying their profession. The cities of Enkhuizen and Edam were important trading ports and as such provided an ideal environment for developing into centres of cartography, serving sea-borne navigation.

Apart from the well-known printed pilot guides by Lucas Jansz Waghenaer, the output of these ‘caert-schrijvers’ consists mainly of manuscript charts on vellum. Copies, though few they are, nowadays can be found across the globe. Sea-charts provided invaluable on-board navigation assistance to ship captains. However, another surprising contemporaneous purpose for financing these charts become popular. Rich ship owners and merchants would commission new charts to serve as wall-decoration as well as a reference point for their maritime-related conversations. They feature a decorative lay-out filled with magnificent colours. Moreover, many of these charts are embellished with miniature paintings, certainly making them some of the most beautiful exemplars ever produced by Dutch cartography during its Golden Age.


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I Printed Dutch Rutters and Charts for European Navigation up to c. 1585: an Overview

I.1 The Earliest Dutch Printed Rutters and Charts
I.2 The Pioneering Work of Cornelis Anthonisz.
I.3 The Leeskaartboek van Wisbuy
I.4 The Rutters of Govert Willemsz. van Hollesloot
I.5 The Cartographical Work of Adriaen Gerritsz.
I.6 Aelbert Haeyen’s Amstelredamsche Zee-Caerten

II Lucas Jansz. Waghenaer: Pioneer of Dutch Maritime Cartography

II.1 Waghenaer and Enkhuizen
II.2 The First Printed Sea Atlas: The Spieghel der Zeevaerdt, 1584/85
II.3 Waghenaer’s Charts of Europe, 1583 and 1592
II.4 Unknown Charts by Lucas Jansz. Waghenaer
II.5 Chart of Europe in Four Sheets, 1589
II.6 A Pilot Guide in oblong: The Thresoor der zee-vaert, 1592
II.7 Waghenaer’s Enckhuyser Zee-caert-boeck, 1598

III Amsterdam: Distribution Centre of Geographical and Cartographical Knowledge

IV A Landmark in Dutch Cartography: The Wall Map of the World by Petrus Plancius, 1592

V To Farther Horizons: A Set of Printed Dutch Charts with Coastlines beyond Europe (1592-1594)

V.1 Map of the Azores, Canary Islands and Parts of the Iberian Peninsula and North-Western Africa
V.2 Map of the Atlantic Ocean with the North-Western Coasts of Africa and a Part of Brazil between 31oN and 15oS
V.3 Map of Southern Africa between 2oN and 44oS
V.4 Map of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Philippines with Surrounding Regions
V.5 Map of the Northern Atlantic Ocean
V.6 Map of the Northern Part of South America down to 35oS
V.7 Map of the Southern Part of South America and Magellanica
V.8 Map of Europe

VI Sixteenth-Century Dutch Cartography of the Mediterranean Sea

VI.1 Ascendance of the Shipping through the Strait of Gibraltar (Straatvaart)
VI.2 Willem Barentsz. and his Nieuwe beschryvinghe ende Caertboeck vande Midlandtsche Zee, 1595
VI.3 The Overview-map of the Mediterranian Sea

VII Jan Huygen van Linschoten: Forerunner of Dutch Activities in Oversea

VII.1 Jan Huygen van Linschoten (1562-1611)
VII.2 The Publication of Van Linschoten’s Itinerario, 1595/96
VII.3 The Maps in Van Linschoten’s Itinerario
VII.3.1 Map of the Atlantic Ocean between 8oN and 35oS
VII.3.2 Map of the Western Indian Ocean between 8oN and 35oS
VII.3.3 Map of the Northern Indian Ocean between 0o and 43oN
VII.3.4 Map of the Indonesian Archipelago and Far East between 20oS and 40oN
VII.3.5 Map of South America and a Part of Central America with Adjacent Islands

VIII Amsterdam Publications on the Art of Navigation and Cosmography

VIII.1 Pedro de Medina and his Arte de navegar
VIII.2 William Bourne and his A Regiment for the Sea
VIII.3 Rodrigo Zamorano and his Compendio de la arte de navegar
VIII.4 Thomas Hood and his The Mariner’s Guide
VIII.5 Peter Apian and his Cosmographie
VIII.6 Robert Hues and his Tractatus de globis

IX The North Holland School of Cartography (c. 1580-c. 1620)

X Cornelis Doedsz.: Caertschrijver woonende t’Edam inde Vierheems-Kinderen

X.1 Life and Work
X.2 A Chart for the Eastern and Northern Navigation, 1589
X.3 Two Manuscript Charts of Europe by Cornelis Doedsz.
X.3.1 Chart of Europe of c. 1600
X.3.2 Chart of Europe, 1607
X.4 A Commercial Chart of Europe, 1602
X.5 Willem Jansz. [Blaeu]: Publisher of Charts of Europe by Cornelis Doedsz.
X.5.1 Doedsz.’s Chart of 1605.
X.5.2 Doedsz.’s Chart of 1606
X.6 Doedsz.’s Chart of Europe, Published by Dirck Pietersz. Pers, 1610
X.7 The Graetboeck Compiled by Cornelis Doedsz.
X.8 The Atlantic Scene: The Chart of the Atlantic Ocean by Cornelis Doedsz., 1600
X.8.1 To New Horizons: Dutch Navigation to the West
X.8.2 The Chart of the Atlantic Ocean, 1600
X.9 Chart of the Western Part of the Indian Ocean, [1601-1606]
X.10 Following the Track of the Ship de Liefde: Three Dutch Charts in Tokyo
X.11 A Chart of the Indische Noord, Attributed to Cornelis Doedsz., c. 1600

XI Evert Gijsbertsz.: Caertschrijver tot Edam in die Pascaert

XI.1 A Masterpiece in Prague: Evert Gijsbertsz.’s Chart of Europe, 1598
XI.2 A Remarkable Chart of the North Sea, 1601
XI.3 Two Representation Charts in the Former Possession of Maurits, Prince of Nassau, [1596]
XI.3.1 Chart of the West Indies and South America, Attributed to Evert Gijsbertsz.
XI.3.2 Chart of Western Part of the Indian Ocean, Attributed to Evert Gijsbertsz.
XI.4 A Show-piece in Sydney: Evert Gijsbertsz. ‘s Chart of the Indian Ocean and Far East, 1599
VII.5 A Navigation Chart of the Indian Ocean and Far East in Paris, 1599

XII The Manuscript Charts of the Atlantic Ocean by Jan Dircksz. Rijckemans and Claes Pietersz.

XII.1 Chart of the Atlantic Ocean by Jan Dircksz. Rijckemans, 1599
XII.2 Chart of the Atlantic Ocean by Claes Pietersz., 1607

XIII The Harmen and Marten Jansz. Brothers: Caertschrijvers inden Pascarte Tot Edam

XIII.1 Three World Maps in Manuscript by Harmen and Marten Jansz.
XIII.1.1 The World Map in Paris, 1610
XIII.1.2 The World Map in Dresden, [1607-1610]
XIII.1.3 The World Map in Greenwich, [1607-1610]
XIII.2 The Charts of Europe in Manuscript and Print
XIII.2.1 The Manuscript Copies
XIII.2.2 The Charts Printed by Jan Evertsz. Cloppenburch
XIII.3 Harmen Jansz.’s Manuscript Chart of the Atlantic Ocean, 1604

XIV The Edam Caert-Schrijvers as Chart-Suppliers for Voyages to the East

XV At the Cartographical Cradle of New Netherlands

XVI Joris Carolus: Stuyrman ende Caertschrijver tot Enchuysen

XVI.1 Voyage of Discovery in 1614
XVI.2 Voyages to the North-West, 1615-1617
XVI.3 The Scientific Voyage of 1618
XVI.4 A Chart of the Danish Waters
XVI.5 Charts of Iceland and the Northern Regions
XVI.6 The Pilot Guide of 1634

1 List of Charts in Waghenaer’s Spieghel der Zeevaerdt, 1585.
2 List of Charts in Waghenaer’s Thresoor der zee-vaert, 1592.


Index on Peronal Names

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