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Psychology of Criminal Conduct

Gebonden Engels 2016 9781138935761
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The Psychology of Criminal Conduct, Sixth Edition, provides a psychological and evidence-informed perspective of criminal behavior that sets it apart from many criminological and mental health explanations of criminal behavior.

Drawing upon the General Personality and Cognitive Social Learning theory, James Bonta and Donald Andrews provide an overview of the theoretical context and major knowledge base of the psychology of criminal conduct, discuss the eight major risk/need factors of criminal conduct, examine the prediction and classification of criminal behavior along with prevention and rehabilitation, and summarize the major issues in understanding criminal conduct. This book also offers the Risk/Need/Responsivity (RNR) model of offender assessment and treatment that has guided developments in the subject throughout the world.

In this edition, the first since Andrews' death, Bonta carefully maintains the book's original contributions while presenting these core concepts succinctly, clearly, and elegantly. Appropriate for advanced undergraduates and graduate students as well as for scholars, researchers, and practitioners, The Psychology of Criminal Conduct, Sixth Edition, further extends and refines the authors' body of work.

Specificaties

ISBN13:9781138935761
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:gebonden
Aantal pagina's:450
Druk:6
Verschijningsdatum:2-11-2016
ISSN:

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Inhoudsopgave

Preface to the Sixth Edition

Part 1: The Theoretical Context and Knowledge Base
to the Psychology of Criminal Conduct
Chapter 1
An Overview of the Psychology of Criminal Conduct
Definition of the Psychology of Criminal Conduct
Values at the Base of PCC
Objectives of PCC
Definitions of Criminal Behavior
Variation in Criminal Conduct
A Look Ahead
Worth Remembering

Chapter 2
The Empirical Basis to the Psychology of Criminal Conduct
The Research Designs
1. The Correlates of Crime and the Cross-Sectional Research Designs
2. Predictor Variables and the Longitudinal Design
3. Dynamic Predictors and the Multiwave Longitudinal Design
4. Causal Variables and the Randomized Experimental Design
Some Commonly Used Statistics
1. Statistical Significance: p < .05 and Confidence Intervals
2. Statistical Measures of the Magnitude of Covariation
Meta-Analyses
Moderator Variables
A Comment on Aggregated Crime Rates
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 3
From Criminology Theories to a Psychological Perspective of Criminal Conduct x
Criminological Theories
Strain Theory
Subcultural Perspectives
Labeling and Marxist/Conflict Theories
Control Theories
Differential Association Theory
Summary of Criminological Theories
A General Personality and Cognitive Social Learning Theory of Criminal Conduct
The Learning of Criminal Behavior
A Glimpse at the Evidence Supporting GPCSL and the Central Eight
Summary
Worth Remembering

Part 2: The Major Risk/Need Factors of Criminal Conduct
Chapter 4
The Biological Basis of Criminal Behavior
Heredity and Crime
The Search for a Crime Gene
Intergenerational Crime
What Twin and Adoption Studies Tell Us about Nature and Nurture
Twin Studies
Adoption Studies
The Nature-Nurture Interaction
Neurophysiological Factors and Crime
The Difficult, Impulsive, Sensation-Seeking Temperament
Crime: A Failure or Success of Evolution?
A Failure in Evolution: The Caveman Awakened
Criminal Behavior as an Evolutionary Adaptation
Three Closing Comments
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 5
Antisocial Personality Pattern
Psychology’s View of Personality
The Super Trait Perspectives of Personality
Is Personality Just a Matter of Traits?
Criminology’s View of Personality
Then . . .
And Now . . .
Antisocial Personality as Pathology
Psychiatry and Antisocial Personality Disorder
Psychopathy
The Assessment of Psychopathy: Hare’s Psychopathy Checklist
(PCL-R)
Are There Noncriminal Psychopaths?
The Etiology of Psychopathy
The Treatment of Psychopaths
Can Children Be Psychopaths?
A General Personality and Cognitive Social Learning Perspective: APP
Poor Self-Control: A Facet of Antisocial Personality
Antisocial Personality Pattern: Risk and Treatment
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 6
The Role of Procriminal Associates and Attitudes
in Criminal Conduct
When Parents Lose Control: The Path to Procriminal Associates
Psychological Perspectives on Delinquent Associates
Delinquent Associates: Training in Criminal Behavior
Gangs
Cognitions Supportive of Crime: Procriminal Attitudes
Development of Procriminal Attitudes
The Attitude-Behavior Link
Classifying Procriminal Attitudes
Assessment of Procriminal Attitudes
Targeting Procriminal Attitudes in Treatment
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 7
The Person in Social Context: Family, Marital, School, Work,
Leisure/Recreation, and Neighborhood
Family of Origin
Learning to Care: The Parent-Child Relationship and the Development
of Social Bonds
Parenting Practices and Delinquency
Family Interventions and the Reduction of Delinquent Behavior
Primary Prevention
Secondary Prevention Family Programs
Summary
Marital Attachments
School
Work
Leisure/Recreation
Neighborhood
Summary
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 8
Substance Abuse
Alcohol Abuse
Definition and Prevalence
Alcohol Abuse and Crime
Treating Alcohol Abuse
Drug Abuse
Prevalence
Treating Drug Abuse
Relapse Prevention
Summary
Dealing with Resistance to Treatment
Motivational Interviewing
Mandated Treatment and Drug Courts
A Final Comment on Substance Abuse
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Part 3: Applications
Chapter 9
The Risk-Need-Responsivity Model of Offender Assessment and Treatment
The Overarching Principles
The Core RNR Principles and Key Clinical Issues
Organizational Principles
Summary

Chapter 10
Prediction of Criminal Behavior and Classification of Offenders
Assessing Predictive Accuracy
PCC and Prediction
Offender Assessment and the Principles of Risk, Need, and Responsivity
Risk Principle: Match the Level of Service to the Level of Risk
Need Principle: Target criminogenic needs
Responsivity Principle: Use cognitive-behavioral interventions with attention to personal learning styles
Approaches to the Assessment and Prediction of Criminal Behavior
First-Generation Risk Assessment: Professional Judgment
Second-Generation Risk Assessment: Actuarial, Static Risk Scales
Third-Generation Assessment: Risk/Need Scales
The Level of Service Inventory-Revised
Criminogenic Needs and the Dynamic Validity of the LSI-R
Summary of the LSI-R
Fourth-Generation Risk Assessment: The Integration of Case Management
with Risk/Need Assessment
The General Applicability of Theory-Based Offender Assessment
LS Risk Assessment Across Different Populations
Age
Gender
Race/Ethnicity
Summary
LS Risk and Violence Outcomes
Obstacles to Using Empirically Based Risk Assessment for Offender Rehabilitation
The Future of Offender Assessment
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 11
Offender Rehabilitation
The How and Why of "Nothing Works"
The Birth of "What Works"
Further results from the Expanded Meta-Analysis
Independent Meta-Analytic Summaries of the Effects of RNR Programming
GPCSL and Intervention
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 12
Creating and Maintaining RNR Adherence: A Real World Challenge
Fidelity in Offender Risk/Need Assessment
Enhancing the Integrity of Correctional Treatment
Some Major Barriers to RNR Adherence
Assessment of Programs and Agencies
The Components of Effective Correctional Supervision and Treatment
The Dimensions of Effective Correctional Counseling: 1. Relationship
The Dimensions of Effective Correctional Counseling: 2. Structuring
a) The Effective Model
b) Effective Reinforcement
c) Effective Disapproval
d) Cognitive Restructuring x
Training Correctional Staff to Apply the RNR Model
Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision (STICS)
Training Issues
The Evaluation of STICS
Results
Staff Training Aimed at Reducing Re-arrest (STARR)
Effective Practices in Community Supervision (EPICS)
Summary
Cost-Benefit Evaluations of Offender Treatment
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 13
The Failed Experiment: Getting Tough on Crime
Criminal Justice Sanctions and Just Deserts
The Effects of Imprisonment on Crime and the Community
1. Incapacitation Effect: Taking the Bad Off the Streets
2. Restoring Faith in the Criminal Justice System
3. Deterrence
Evaluations of Intermediate Sanctions
The Unfulfilled Promise of Fairness
Summary
The Psychology of Punishment
Why Doesn’t Punishment Work?
Conditions for Effective Punishment
The Side Effects of Punishment
Summary on Punishment
An Alternative to Retribution: Restorative Justice
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Chapter 14
Criminal Subtypes: Intimate Partner Violence, the Mentally Disordered and Sex Offenders
Intimate Partner Violence
Men Who Batter: How Different are They from Regular Criminals?
Risk Factors from Surveys
Risk Factors from the Study of Conflictual Relationships
Actuarial Risk Scales for Intimate Partner Abuse
Treatment of Male Batterers
The Mentally Disordered Offender (MDO)
Estimating the Prevalence of Mental Disorders
Dangerousness and the Psychiatric Patient
Threat/Control-Override Symptomatology
Dangerous and the MDO
Risk Factors for MDOs
Treatment of the MDO
The Sex Offender
How Unique are Sex Offenders?
Risk Factors for Sexual Offending
The Treatment of Sex Offenders
A Few Closing Comments
Worth Remembering
Recommended Readings

Part 4: Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 15
A General Personality and Cognitive Social Learning Perspective of Criminal Conduct: Summary and Conclusions

A. Empirical Understanding
Incidence and Prevalence of Criminal Activity
The Correlates of Criminal Activity
The Central Eight
Wide Applicability
The Ability to Influence Crime

B. A Theoretical Understanding and Challenges to GPCSL
Desistance
Good Lives Model (GLM)

C. An Understanding of Practical Value
Prediction Instruments
Effective Prevention and Treatment
Specific Responsivity
The Impact of a Psychology of Criminal Conduct
Conclusion and Final Comments

References
Index to Selected Acronyms
Subject Index
Name Index

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