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Becoming a Leader in Product Development

An Evidence-Based Guide to the Essentials

Paperback Engels 2021 9781484272978
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Samenvatting

It is becoming increasingly challenging for product development leaders to effectively lead as workplace demands continue to increase. The rate of change in technology, society, and business places immense pressure on leaders to ensure their groups move in the direction of their goals. What might have worked in the past no longer works.
Organizational surveys show that firms struggle with leadership. Product development leaders routinely complain of burnout and stress while their teams members complain of workplace dissatisfaction, resulting in organizational underperformance.
The lack of evidence-based leadership literature for product development leaders means that many leaders are left to figure things out with little guidance. They do not have a reliable resource that they can refer to when they face leadership challenges and, as a result, struggle during times of crisis and change. This book addresses this challenge by providing a theory-informed set of techniques for product development leaders.
Becoming a Leader in Product Development provides an evidence-base set of practices for product development leaders. In doing so, it explores what leadership is and the leader's role in the leadership process, the impact of national culture and organizational culture on the leadership process, and the need for product development leaders to practice adaptive and servant leadership, followership, and self-care. The underlying theories for each topic are reviewed and then brought to life through stories and examples.

What You Will Learn

-See the difference between authority, persuasion, and influence and how leaders can use these constructs to benefit their organizations
-Gain the skills for practicing servant and adaptive leadership in your organization
-Examine the blind spots of each leadership theory
-Discover the importance of adapting leader behavior to the national culture and organizational culture where you find yourself

Who This Book Is For
Product development leaders (starting with product development managers) who want to go beyond leadership anecdotes to evidence-based leadership practice. A secondary audience is individuals aspiring to product development leadership positions.

Specificaties

ISBN13:9781484272978
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:paperback
Aantal pagina's:239
Uitgever:Apress
Druk:1
Verschijningsdatum:18-9-2021
ISSN:

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Inhoudsopgave

Chapter 1 – Why Leaders (31 pages)o This chapter explains the core concept of leadership. It begins by describing leadership both as a social process between a group of people and a system consisting of the leader(s), followers, and context. The chapter also explains that leadership only occurs with shared direction, alignment, and commitment among a group. While leadership, an emergent property, does not depend solely on what the leader does, the leader(s) still has a large responsibility for leadership to occur. The chapter explains the foundational concepts used throughout the book, like authority, power, and influence. It further demonstrates the relationships between these leadership aspects. Last, the chapter uncovers the difference between bad leadership and management and argues that effective organizational leadership depends on effective management.o 1.1. What is Leadership 1.1.1. Determining Where are We Going 1.1.2. Working Together 1.1.3. Being There for Each Othero 1.2. Leadership as a System 1.2.1. Understanding the Context 1.2.2. Leaders and Followers 1.2.3. The Role of Leaderso 1.3. The Authority, Power, and Influence Cocktail 1.3.1. Formal Authority 1.3.2. Informal Authority 1.3.3. Power 1.3.4. Influence 1.3.5. Authority, Power, and Influence Combinedo 1.4. Bad Leadership and Management 1.4.1. Bad Leadership 1.4.2. Management Differs from Leadershipo 1.5. Software Development Leadershipo 1.6. Chapter 1 Takeaways• 2. Chapter 2 – The Agile Game (19 pages)• Agile Software Development is the most common form of software development that many software development organizations attempt to practice. Many software development leaders will need to lead in an Agile context. This chapter gives a brief overview of Agile software development and how it differs from traditional software development methods. The chapter presents Agile as more than just a software development method by illustrating how Agile Software Development has cultural levels with tacit assumptions, values, and artifacts. The Agile culture also differs from traditional software cultures, which leaders need to remain aware of. The chapter also goes over the limitations and criticisms of Agile and recommends that leaders leverage the Agile approach to achieve organizational objectives.o 2.1. What is Agile 2.1.1. Brief Review of the History of Agile 2.1.2. Agile as a Software Development Cultureo 2.2. Criticisms and Limitations of Agile 2.2.1. Limitations 2.2.2. Challengeso 2.3. Leading Agile Software Development Teamso 2.4. Closing Thoughtso 2.5. Chapter 2 Takeaways• 3. Chapter 3 – Making Sense of National Culture (28 pages)• This chapter explores the impact of national culture on leadership practice using Hofstede’s and GLOBE’s national culture dimensions on leadership within groups. In further chapters, the book recommends specific leadership theories and practices. However, these leadership theories will need to take into consideration the leadership expectations of their teams. For example, teams in Nigeria will have different expectations from teams in the United States. Understanding these cultural dimensions helps leaders adopt and adapt leadership practices to fit the national context where they might find themselves. Twenty-first-century software development leaders need to deal with the reality that they have teams composed of people from different countries with different leadership expectations due to globalization. Cross-cultural or even global leadership has become a vital competency for software development leaders. This chapter provides examples of how to lead cross-culturally and provides resources for developing cross-cultural leadership competency.o 3.1. National Culture and its Dimensions 3.1.1. Power Distance 3.1.2. Individualism 3.1.3. Masculinity 3.1.4. Uncertainty Avoidance 3.1.5. Long-term and Short-term Orientation 3.1.6. Indulgence and Restraint 3.1.7. Recap of Hofstede Dimensionso 3.3. Leadership Expectations Differ Around the Worldo 3.4. The Impact of Globalization on Cross-Cultural Leadershipo 3.5. Chapter 3 Takeawayso • 4. Chapter 4 – Making Sense of Organizational Culture (31 pages)• In addition to national culture, leaders also need to have the ability to diagnose their organizational culture because an organization’s culture will impact its effectiveness. Leaders who understand their organizational culture can more easily and intentionally influence organizational culture. An organization’s culture(s) will constrain a leader’s behaviors and often determines the expectations of their organization’s members. The leader’s ability to diagnose their organization’s culture provides them the insight they need to intervene in the right spots. It is also essential that leaders recognize that not everyone will view the organization’s culture in the same way—there will be different perspectives on the organization’s culture. The chapter provides leaders with instruments and models to make sense of the organizational cultures they interact with and belong too. Organizational climate is often mistaken for organizational culture, and this chapter explains the difference between the two concepts.o 4.1. The Organizationo 4.2. What is Organizational Culture 4.2.1. The Integration View 4.2.2. The Differentiation View 4.2.3. The Fragmentation View 4.2.3. Putting It All Togethero 4.3. Organizational Culture and Typologies 4.3.1. The Schneider Model 4.3.2. The Competing Values Framework 4.3.3. Organizational Culture Recapo 4.4. Organizational Climateo 4.5. Chapter 4 Takeaways• 5. Chapter 5 – Leading through Service (31 pages)• This chapter introduces servant leadership as the foundational leadership approach for software development leaders to adopt as they lead. It stresses the perspective that the leader’s number one job is to meet the needs of those they lead—through service. The chapter distinguishes between strategic and operational servant leadership and describes which leader activities fall into each category. Software development leaders need to set vision and model productive behaviors while at the same time, making sure that their organization has the resources required for excellence. The chapter dispels the myth that servant leaders do not care about organizational success by pointing out that organizational success and motivated and dedicated team members are not at odds. An aspiring servant leader will learn the essential characteristics and behaviors of servant leaders. Servant leadership is no panacea, so the chapter also exposes software development leaders to the “dark side” of servant leadership. These servant leader behaviors can hinder team growth if the servant leader is not aware of them.o 5.1. What is Servant Leadership 5.1.1. Strategic Servant Leadership 5.1.2. Operational Servant Leadershipo 5.2. Servant-leader Characteristics 5.2.1. Empathy 5.2.2. Healing 5.2.3. Awareness 5.2.4. Persuasion 5.2.5. Conceptualization 5.2.6. Foresight 5.2.7. Stewardship 5.2.8. Commitment to the Growth of People 5.2.9. Building Communityo 5.3. Servant-leader Behaviorso 5.4. Servant Leadership’s Dark Side 5.4.1. Followers' Disempowerment 5.4.2. Followers' Reliance on the Leader 5.4.3. Followers' Negligence 5.4.4. Leaders' Paternalism 5.4.5. Leaders' Protective Behavioro 5.5. Chapter 5 Takeaways• 6. Chapter 6 – Servant Leadership in Practice (24 pages)• This chapter uses stories to illustrate how software development leaders can practice servant leadership to support their software development teams. The Agile approach espouses four values and twelve principles. In this chapter, I use stories to show how leaders can apply servant leader behaviors that bring these values and principles to life in their organization. The chapter highlights the difficulty of supporting Agile software development when the leader does not possess servant leader characteristics. The stories show how servant leader behaviors reinforce Agile values such as a sustainable pace, collaboration, trust, community, and attending to individuals and teams’ needs.o 6.1. Leading Software Development Teams through Serviceo 6.2. Meeting the Needs of Individuals and Fostering Healthy Interactionso 6.3. Building Community Across Departmentso 6.4. Increasing Motivation, Support, and Trusto 6.5. Preventing Burnout by Maintaining a Sustainable Paceo 6.6. Closing Thoughts• 7. Chapter 7 – Leading while Adapting (30 pages)• Software development organizations are open systems that need to respond to internal and external changes. New software development techniques and technologies routinely spring up. The products or services that the software development organization delivers change based on market shifts. And then there is the surprise pandemic. Organizations also must change to move from their current position to a new position if they want to remain relevant. Software development teams often must adopt new ways of working. Many software development leaders impose change in their organization. Software development leaders will learn to identify different forms of challenges and adaptive responses in organizations. This chapter equips leaders with adaptive leadership behaviors to mobilize individuals and teams in their organization. The importance of informal authority in adaptive leadership is stressed, and the limitations and dangers of adaptive leadership identified.o 7.1. The Need for Adaptationo 7.2. What is Adaptive Leadership 7.2.1. Technical Challenges 7.2.2. Adaptive Challenges 7.2.3. Technical and Adaptive Challengeso 7.3. Informal Authority in Adaptive Leadershipo 7.4. Types of Responses to Adaptive Situations 7.4.1. We Have Always Done It This Way 7.4.2. Change Requires Too Much Effort 7.4.3. We Will Just Copy Everyone Else 7.4.4. Adapt or Dieo 7.5. Living Dangerously – The Perils of Adaptive Leadershipo 7.6. Adaptive Leader Competencies 7.6.1. Strategic Thinking 7.6.2. Possess Organizational Knowledge and Interdependencies 7.6.3. Comfort with Uncertainty and Ambiguity 7.6.4. Deep Conviction and Humilityo 7.7. Adaptive Leader Behaviors 7.7.1. Get on the Balcony 7.7.2. Identify Adaptive Challenges 7.7.3. Regulate Distress 7.7.4. Maintain Disciplined Attention 7.7.5. Give the Work Back to the People 7.7.6. Protect Leadership Voices from Belowo 7.8. Limitations of Adaptive Leadership Theoryo 7.9. Closing Thoughtso 7.10. Chapter 7 Takeaways• 8. Chapter 8 – Adaptive Leadership in Practice (28 pages)• Like chapter 6 for servant leadership, this chapter shows adaptive leadership, in practice, using two stories. The first story shares how a software development leader worked with her team to adapt to the change in working conditions brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. The chapter shows the five adaptive leader behaviors throughout the change process for the team. The second story is my story. I share how I had to adapt as I transitioned from my contributor role into a managerial leadership role in this story. This transition required an uncomfortable shift in attitudes and behavior on my part. It also involved some personal risk as my team initially turned their back on me because of my ineffective contribution to the leadership process.o 8.1. Gaining Perspectiveo 8.2. Where is Learning Requiredo 8.3. Giving the Work Back to the Peopleo 8.4. Making Sure Everyone is Heardo 8.5. Keeping Eyes on the Prizeo 8.6. Keep Calm and Stress Lesso 8.7. Working from Home - Recapo 8.8. Becoming an Adaptive Leader – My Story 8.8.1. The Promotion 8.8.2. The Imposition 8.8.3. The Resistance 8.8.4. The Awakening 8.8.5. The Adaptation• 9. Chapter 9 – Follow Well, Lead Well (22 pages)• Many leaders are also followers and spend time following in their organizations. To lead well often means that a leader follows well. This means that leaders also need to develop their followership knowledge, skill, and ability. Leaders need to support their superiors. Leaders also need to have the willingness to follow their peers when their peers have good ideas. Following is simplified when leaders develop rapport and improve their communication with their peers. Last, leaders need to follow their subordinates as well. The two leadership theories covered in this book provide behaviors for following the lead of associates. Leaders who have a hard time following other people may find it difficult to lead others.o 9.1. Understanding Followershipo 9.2. Types of Followerso 9.3. Effectively Following Your Leader 9.3.1. Embrace and Champion Organizational Goals 9.3.2. Challenge Constructively 9.3.3. Adapt Your Style 9.3.4. Tackle Challenges Head-On 9.3.5. Putting It All Together – Be a Role Model of Followershipo 9.4. Effectively Following Your Peers 9.4.1. Be Supportive 9.4.2. Technical Competence 9.4.3. Build Rapport 9.4.4. Communicationo 9.5. Effectively Following Those You Leado 9.6. Closing Thoughtso 9.7. Chapter 9 Takeaways • 10. Chapter 10 – Caring for Self (31 pages)• The book will not be complete without covering the topic of self-care. Leaders face many challenges as they mobilize their organizations. Many of these challenges are stressful, e.g., letting people go during a pandemic to ensure their company remains viable, addressing intra-team conflict, or delivering a software product in time for a tradeshow. The recommended leadership theories in this book require that leaders emotionally invest themselves in their associates. Leaders who do not take of themselves will inevitably become overwhelmed and struggle to take care of their organization. This chapter talks about the importance of self-care for software development leaders. It uncovers leadership aspects that can make it detrimental to a leader’s health when they adopt the leadership theories promoted in this book. For example, a leader can overextend themselves as they try to serve an individual or a team. When leaders ignore their well-being, it impacts their contribution to the leadership process. The chapter provides leaders with personal and professional self-care practices for maintaining their well-being.o 10.1. Leading is Dangerous Businesso 10.2. What is Self-Careo 10.3. Self-Care Practices 10.3.1. Personal Self-Care Practices 10.3.2. Professional Self-Care Practiceso 10.4. Closing Thoughtso 10.5. Chapter 8 Takeaways• 11. Chapter 11 – Epilogue (1 page)

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