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Footwear Impression Evidence

Detection, Recovery and Examination

Gebonden Engels 1999 9780849310454
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Samenvatting

Reviewed and recognized as the most authoritative source  in the field, this book describes the methods used worldwide to recover and identify footwear impressions from the scene of a crime. In this new edition,  everything, including the original twelve chapters,  bibliography, appendix, etc., has been clarified, updated and expanded. This edition includes updated and new information on recovery procedures and materials such as lifting, photography and casting; chemical enhancement; updated information about footwear manufacturing; footwear sizing; and known impression techniques and materials. WHAT’S NEW IN THE SECOND EDITION: Besides updating and expanding the twelve original chapters, Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination, Second Edition adds three new chapters: one chapter on barefoot evidence, which concerns impressions made by the naked or sock-clad foot or those which remain in abandoned or discarded footwear; another new chapter on several cases in which the footwear impression evidence was of primary importance in bringing about a conviction or confession; and finally, a new chapter on the footwear impression evidence in the O.J. Simpson criminal and civil cases.

Specificaties

ISBN13:9780849310454
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:gebonden
Aantal pagina's:528
Druk:2
Verschijningsdatum:17-9-1999
ISSN:

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Over William Bodziak

William J. Bodziak holds an MS in forensic science and has spent over 44 years in the field of footwear and tire evidence. He created the first technical conferences on footwear and tire evidence held in 1983 and 1984, taught the subsequent forensic footwear courses at the FBI Academy, and organized the first International Symposium on Footwear and Tire evidence at the FBI Academy in 1994. He has instructed classes in the forensic examination of footwear and tire evidence on over 150 occasions throughout the United States and in other countries and has provided testimony on over 500 occasions in the US, Canada, South Africa, Israel, Guam, Saipan, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands. He has written three other books, several book chapters, and many journal articles. He has been an active member and participated in numerous professional organizations throughout his career.

Andere boeken door William Bodziak

Inhoudsopgave

AWARENESS, DETECTION AND TREATMENT OF FOOTWEAR IMPRESSION EVIDENCE
General Information Regarding Footwear Impression Evidence
Formation of Footwear Impression
Finding Footwear Impressions at the Scene of the Crime
General Treatment of Impressions

PHOTOGRAPHY OF FOOTWEAR IMPRESSIONS
General Crime Scene Photography
Examination Quality Photography
Checklist for Examination Quality Photography

CASTING THREE-DIMENSIONAL FOOTWEAR IMPRESSIONS
Introduction to Casting
Casting Materials
Methods of Casting with Dental Stone
After the Cast is Poured
Casting Footwear Impressions in Snow
The Importance of Casting All Three-Dimensional Impressions

TREATMENT OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL FOOTWEAR IMPRESSIONS
Lifting Two-Dimensional Footwear Impressions
Lifting Impressions Electrostatically
Gelatin and Adhesive Lifting
Other Lifting Materials and Choices
Impressions That are Difficult to Lift
Powdering Impressions
Selection of Proper Lifting Materials
Deformable Impressions

THE ENHANCEMENT OF FOOTWEAR IMPRESSIONS
Specialized Lighting and Forensic Photographic Methods
Physical Methods
Chemical Enhancement
Chemical Methods for Enhancement of Residue Impressions
Chemical Methods for Enhancement of Footwear Impressions in Blood
Sequencing of Enhancement Techniques
Three-Dimensional Impression Enhancement
Use of Computers

FOOTWEAR SIZING
Shoe Sizing and Shoe Sizing Systems
Forensic Considerations

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES OF SYNTHETIC SOLED SHOES
The Footwear Industry
The Molding Process
Molding Processes
The Cut Processes
Recognition of Manufacturing Methods
Some Reasons for Shoes of One Size and Design Varying

KNOWN SHOES OF SUSPECTS AND THE PREPARATION OF KNOWN IMPRESSIONS
Obtaining the Known Shoes From the Suspect
Footwear Databases
Test Impressions of Known Shoes
Summary

WEAR CHARACTERISTICS
Defining Wear Characteristics
Factors Influencing the Wear of Shoe Outsoles
Considerations of Wear Characteristics During Examination

CLASS AND IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS
Class Characteristics
Identifying Characteristics
Characteristics Required for Positive Identification
Changes in Identifying Characteristics as Shoe Wear Continues

COMPARISON OF THE QUESTIONED IMPRESSION WITH KNOWN SHOES
Treatment of the Evidence
Variation and Distortion
Examination of the Questioned Impression
Results

THE FOOTWEAR IMPRESSION EXAMINER IN COURT
What Constitutes an Expert Witness?
What Qualifies a Footwear Impression Examiner as an Expert?
PreTrial Conferences
Presentation of Examination Results in Court
Last Minute Examinations

IMPRESSIONS OF THE FOOT
Introduction
Individuality of the Feet
Known Standards of the Feet
The Examination Process
Case Examples

SOME CASE APPLICATIONS
St. Croix Homicide Case
The New York Gap Homicide
Denver Multiple Homicide Case
The Naperville Case
A New York Serial Robbery/Homicide Case
A South Carolina Homicide

THE FOOTWEAR IMPRESSION EVIDENCE IN THE O. J. SIMPSON TRIAL
References
Glossary
Appendix
Index

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